Most of the people around the world have at least some knowledge of graphics and graphic designing. However unfortunately, not many people are well versed with the print although you might face a situation in which you have to get something printed that you have crafted using your Photoshop and illustrator skills. Therefore, sometimes it just does not get right when you are commissioned to draw a poster or you want to make business cards for yourself.
How Printing Works:
To start the proceedings, you must have a basic knowledge of different types of printing that will definitely help you to understand what you are about to do while pressing the “print” button. Nowadays, there are many types of printer available but you will probably be working with the inkjet laser printers. These printers mostly contain ink tanks or cartridges and utilize liquid ink to create images on paper and canvas. The ink heads in the printers “spray” the ink drop by drop on the sheet and the picture comes into existence.
· The Working of Colors:
The understanding of the working of colors is the most important thing in printing. A basic color inkjet printer usually incorporates 4 cartridges that are yellow, cyan, magenta and black and collectively named as CMYK. With the combination of these four colors, you can print almost any color your like on the paper. The white color is created by the simulation of lack of color dots that means you will see a white color in the background.
· DPI and Resolution:
Another factor that you need to keep in mind is the DPI and resolution. In fact, the resolution actually depends upon the quality of picture and limitations of your printer. On the other hand, as you can use only four cartridges in a color printer, you need to keep DPI higher than you actually see on monitor in order to get more complex colors in image. For instance, DPI (dots per inch) for a common leaflet or a magazine page is 300 on average but again higher the resolution, better will be the quality of the final product.
Designing for Print:
There is a huge difference between designing for web and digital use and designing for print. As fact of matter it is little bit more complicated.
· The Mode of Designing:
The problem with most modern CMYK printers is that they do not usually accept CMYK data even if you dispatch that for printing from a Photoshop file. The printer will automatically convert the CMYK data into RGB color mode and therefore it is difficult to suggest what mode of designing will be perfect for your particular requirements.
· Go With RGB to Start:
However, it is always a good idea to choose RGB color mode in the start. This is because RGB has a wider color range, some of the features do not work well with CMYK and finally RGB file sizes are smaller. Once you are ready to print, convert the data to CMYK if your printer allows that. Only disadvantage of this technique is that you might lose some colors that you can rectify later on.
It is pretty simple to keep DPI settings to 300 because at this rate naked human eye cannot distinguish between the dots if viewed from regular reading distance. Therefore, going with higher resolution will not bear much fruits for you. If however, if you are printing a poster or large metal prints, you can keep the resolution as low as 150-200 DPI. For even larger things viewed from a greater distance, the DPI of 12-15 will be more than enough.
Designing for printing is not an easy task to accomplish and you have to understand the intricacies of the procedure. In this regard above mentioned techniques will definitely help you a lot.
Tom Anderson is a dedicated photographer and writes on interior designing & decoration. He took photo and print on different Canvases and metals, which looks amazing with great quality Canvas along bright colors scheme.
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